A Utopia by definition is an idealistic society where everything is perfect. It is a place where everything has been designed by its architect to represent what they view as perfection, detailing the laws, the way that public life is ran and even in some cases how people socialise. However, the problem with a Utopia is that the idea of ‘perfection’ is fairly subjective. For the people who find the kind of Utopian society the Elite have created, there is the word Dystopia. A Dystopia is a place in which nothing is ideal or perfect, where everything is in ruin.
Both Plato and More had an idea over their idealistic Utopia, both suggesting that a Communistic Utopia is in some ways perfect. Communism is the concept of a society without Classes or Boarders. Where all resources are shared equally to the people in the quantity that the people need. It advocates for a lack of Private Property.
Both Plato and More have similar ideas over how their perfect Utopias should be ran. To begin with, both the text on Plato’s Utopia and More’s Utopia talks about the ideas that made Plato and More conceptualise a Utopian Vision. The text on More’s Utopia stated ‘Before long, it becomes clear that Raphael offers shrewd analysis of various communities around the globe – and that he finds most of them to be faulty in some way. Even Tudor England offers little in the form of civilization.’ What this is saying is that none of the societies that More visited were perfect. The text goes on to explain the problems with the class system and how it punishes those which More saw as unworthy of the punishment, giving the example of a poor Thief steeling clothes and being punished for it. On the other hand, rather than giving an example of ‘injustice’ the text on Plato’s Utopia instead talks about the idealistic rulers of a society by stating ‘He dreamed of a state that would be ruled by leaders who sought more than material gain.’ The idea is that the Lords and Kings of the time in which Plato crafted his idea only cared about themselves rather than those they ruled over.
In both texts, the writer describes the desires of Plato and More to control the way in which people view the world politically and socially. The text on Plato’s Utopia states ‘Plato’s Republic introduces a city state defined by communism (the elimination of property and ‘selfish’ constraints such as the family) and common education – instilling of proper values through careful censorship’. The Text explains further that “we must supervise the makers of tales; and if they make a fine tale, it must be approved, but if it’s not, it must be rejected” By censoring the public view of the Country in which this brand of Communism is used, Plato could create a society where opposing ideas do not flourish, making public life ‘perfect’. While Plato had more to say on how he would control public life socially, More instead focused on Religion. The text on More’s Utopia states ‘In Utopia, one may practice any religion because, right or wrong, faith in some manner of God serves to unite the community. Only an atheist who does not fear judgement in the afterlife is ostracized from the Utopian community.’ The text explains how the society will be thought religious tolerance and that any religion will have a place in More’s Utopia aside from Atheism, the very belief that God doesn’t exist, since Atheists will not have a moral code to live by.
Where both Plato and More differ with the definition of Communism is their stance on the Class system. Both advocate for some kind of class based system. Plato’s classes refer to the different occupations of his society. The ‘teachers, guardians, and laborers.’ since each occupation is seen as important to Plato’s perfect idea. More on the other hand referred to the idea that the there will be only two classes, the public and the slaves.
Overall, while Plato and More had similar ideas over how society should be ran, their ideas differ in some ways. They both focused on the idea that society should be ran by the collective rather than the individual.
Personally, a Communist society, while it seems idealistic focusing on the collective worth of people rather than the individual work of one person, I don’t like the limitations of the Communist system. Say what you like about Democracy and how floored the system is, at least you can say what you like about Democracy since it is one of the main features of Democracy. Also, say what you like about Capitalism, at least Capitalist system gives people something to strive for, where as Communism really forces you to take a role in society, not giving you the same incentive to strive further.